Former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure (1981). Qualification of history teacher (agrégation), 1984. PhD at the University of Provence (1992). Qualification of the direction of research, Paris IV, 1999. Junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France, 2000-2005. Lecturer (1992-1999), then Professor (1999-2015) of Contemporary History at the University of Toulouse-Jean Jaurès. Director of the Museum of Protestantism, Ferrières (Tarn).